Illegal immigration continues to be a significant problem for Europeans. One notable change, however, is that while in 2016 more than 50 percent of those asked thought that most immigrants arriving in Europe enter the EU because they are not safe in their own country, the response was different in 2017, with 53 percent of respondents believe that most immigrants arrive for economic reasons. In only eight member states did more than half of respondents think most immigrants were seeking asylum. We can see a sharp division in Europe between the Western and the former socialist countries regarding the approval of the EU quota system. While the respondents of Central-Eastern Europe and in the Baltic states strongly against quotas (70 percent) those of the Western states support it at the same proportion. In total, 13 states are for the quotas and 15 are against. In relation to the asylum convention between the EU and Turkey, every second European considers this to be a bad political pact. Like the quota system, the building of fences is a divisive theme in Europe, and, while the majority of people in most countries do not support construction of fences, they nevertheless do want stronger protection to be provided for Europe’s borders. Overall, people in Europe consider the impact of the wave of immigration in recent years to be a matter of significance. Most also believe that the wave of immigration has led to an increase in crime and a higher risk of terrorism, and also alters the culture and identity of the accepting country and reduces job opportunities for local people.