This year, we also examined the perception of the European Union and some European leaders by a number of questions. Though the overwhelming majority of the European population can be considered pro-European, they are strongly critical of Brussels’ acts. A large majority also view EU migration policy, counter terrorism activities and border management as weak. In the light of this, it is not surprising that, for example, Angela Merkel’s perception is highly divisive, and a relative majority in Europe has an unfavorable opinion of Emmanuel Macron. Europeans also have a clear view on integration: 53% of respondents would strengthen national competence over the EU institutions. Out of the 35 countries, only 9 states are for stronger European integration. This goes in hand with the fact that three out of four respondents consider themselves belonging to their own country rather than Europe.

 

Please tell me whether you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of the European Union?



 

How much do you trust the following institutions? – The EU



 

Looking forward to next year, do you think the economy throughout the European Union will be stronger or weaker than it is now?



 

How would you vote in a referendum about your country to stay in or to leave the EU?



 

Rate the job that the EU is doing in each of the following: – Improving the economy



 

Rate the job that the EU is doing in each of the following: – Handling the immigration crisis



 

Rate the job that the EU is doing in each of the following: – Fighting terrorism and preventing more terrorist attacks in Europe



 

Do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? – The EU should protect its outer European borders more effectively



 

Which of the following should mostly be the responsibility of individual nations and which should be mostly the responsibility of the European Union? – Economic issues



 

Which of the following should mostly be the responsibility of individual nations and which should be mostly the responsibility of the European Union? – Immigration



 

Which of the following should mostly be the responsibility of individual nations and which should be mostly the responsibility of the European Union? – Set energy and utility cost prices



 

Which of the following statement is closer to your opinion?



 

In your view, will the European Union still exist in 10 years?



 

Would you support the EU accession of the following countries? Turkey


 

Would you support the EU accession of the following countries? Ukraine


 

Would you support the EU accession of the following countries? Serbia


 

Would you support the EU accession of the following countries? Montenegro


 

Would you support the EU accession of the following countries? Macedonia


 

Would you support the EU accession of the following countries? Albania


 

To what extent do you agree with the following statement? My interests and opinion are represented in Brussels.



 

What do you think, are there double standards applied against your country in the European Union?



 

What do you think, should the borders of the Schengen area be maintained and protected?



 

Do you see yourself as primarily “your country” or European?